CHISHTI SUFI SILSILAH IN INDIA
A HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
Soon after the inception of Chishti Silsilah (initiatic or spiritual genealogy) in India, it strengthened its root in this region. In this regard, it is pertinent to analyze the rise of Chishti Silsilah. After passing the early period in eighth and ninth centuries, the tenth century is regarded as the period of the systematization of Chishti Silsilah. During the next centuries, the Chishti Silsilah flourished and further developed itself in South Asia. The fourteenth century was marked by its consolidation in Delhi, the political centre of the Sultanate. The close of fourteenth century and the start of the fifteenth century were marked by a process of decentralization of Chishti Silsilah, whereby regional Chishti centres emerged. The present article is focused on the origin and development of Chishti Silsilah from its pre-Indian phase till fifteenth century. In this article an attempt is made to discuss the important features of Chishti Silsilah which emerged in these centuries. Along with this an elaboration is being provided for the major sufi personalities of Chishti Silsilah before sixteenth century.
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